PNG is particularly prone to natural disasters induced by climate change, climate variability, and sea-level rise; including tsunamis, cyclones, river and coastal flooding, landslides, and droughts. The rising sea-level causes salt-water intrusion which puts groundwater resources at risk causing negative effects on agriculture production and water supply. Flooding may destroy housing as well as crop fields which combined with droughts increases the adverse effects of climate change on agricultural production and ultimately also food supply, as only insufficient storage is kept.
Antea Group was assigned to identify climate risks in terms of, principal climate hazards, exposure and vulnerability, and to prepare a Composite Risk Atlas and Maps/Indexes up to district level in five pilot provinces (East Sepik, Madang, Morobe and Northern and New Ireland).
The project was implemented in various phases:
- Community Risk Assessments
The aim of the community Risk Assessment is to develop risk assessment maps at community level, using previously tested and well documented tools and approached developed by World Vision (and partners). It is conducted using a representative sample of 2 communities per district (total of 50 communities). The Community Risk Assessments provides valuable input for the province and District Assessments and adds detail to these.
- Province/District Hazard-Vulnerability-Risk Assessments
Assessments at province and district level include Assessment of Climate Induced Hazard, Vulnerability Assessment, and Risk Assessment. The final deliverable is a hazard-vulnerability-risk assessment report, which will include a big variety of illustrative maps.
- Composite risk assessment
The information gathered in the previous phases is compiled following the methodological framework as described by Pistrika and Tsakiris as shown in the scheme.
The key deliverable within this work package is a Composite Risk Atlas compiling map products and a report on community risk assessment.
The last phase is aimed at presenting the findings of the review (at all levels, covering all domains) and the recommendations to the client and key stakeholders at national level, get feedback and prepare the final report.